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Monday, July 20, 2020 | History

2 edition of Effect of some fabric treatments on the properties of cotton and rayon fibres. found in the catalog.

Effect of some fabric treatments on the properties of cotton and rayon fibres.

I. PietikaМ€inen

Effect of some fabric treatments on the properties of cotton and rayon fibres.

by I. PietikaМ€inen

  • 302 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by The Finnish Academy of Technical Sciences in Helsinki .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis for degree of Doctor of Technology accepted by the University of Thechnology.

SeriesActa Polytechnica Scandinavica : Chemistry including Metallurgy Series -- No. 111
The Physical Object
Pagination54 p., ill
Number of Pages54
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21258924M
ISBN 109516660207

more than cotton (40%), and wood pulp-based fibres, such as rayon, viscose and bamboo (42%). The carbon in wool is derived from the digestion of plant material by sheep. Wool, especially Australian wool, is produced in extensive pasture systems, where the diet is . Fabric with a fine horizontal rib effect on the surface and high thread count. Use: high-quality shirting. Fabric treated with a solution that shrinks part of the threads to create a crinkle effect.

  Application of Contemporary Fibers in Apparel Comparison with other fibres When compared to other fibres like cotton, nylon, PET, rayon and silk, the properties that are considered are generally for the yarn forming nature and physical and mechanical properties (See in table 1). Some modal fabric items are delicate and should be hand. Some surface fabric treatments may prevent nylon from 'taking' dye. Dye only fabrics that are free of treatments that provide stain resistance or water repellence, such as Teflon coating. Nylon is not only used as a textile fiber. It is also used to make solid objects such .

In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing the yarn or fabric to improve the look, performance, or "hand" (feel) of the finish textile or clothing. The precise meaning depends on context.. Some finishing techniques such as bleaching and dyeing are applied. A class name for various genera of fibers (including filaments) produced from fiber- forming substances which may be: (1) polymers synthesized from chemical compounds, e.g., acrylic, nylon, polyester, polyethylene, polyurethane, and polyvinyl fibers; (2) modified or transformed natural polymers, e.g., alginic and cellulose-based fibers such as acetates and rayons; and (3) minerals, e.g., glasses.


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Effect of some fabric treatments on the properties of cotton and rayon fibres by I. PietikaМ€inen Download PDF EPUB FB2

Scanning electron microscopy showed that corona treatment on cotton fabric made a rough surface with some cracks on the fiber, and nano particles covered the surface of cotton and corona-treated.

This improves the uniformity of fabric appearance after dyeing, and there is an apparent increase in colour depth after mercerisation that has been claimed to give cost savings of up to 30% on pale colours (e.g. 1–2% owf (on weight of fibre)) and even 50–70% on heavy depths when using some reactive dyes.

Dead cotton fibres (i.e. The most important parameter that determines the comfort of a cloth is the material. Tables and contain the main properties and the advantages and disadvantages of fabrics of the most used fibers for apparel applications.

Considering all these properties, blending the fibers in a fabric seems to be a powerful solution to modify the properties and cost of by: Effect of Dyeing Parameters on Color Strength of Viscose Rayon and Polyester Blended Fabric.

including high-performance fibres. The book first reviews properties such as fineness, length and. Chemical Properties of Cotton: Cotton is a natural cellulosic fiber and it has some chemical properties.

Chemical properties of the cotton fiber are given below: Effect of Acids: Cotton is attacked by hot dilute acids or cold concentrated acids which it disintegrates.

It is not affected by acids. Cotton Wool Silk Rayon Acetate Nylon Vinyon Mohair Linen Glass fibres Dacron Orlon Vicara Yarns for weaving Structure and Properties of Textile Fibres Fibre structure Properties of synthetic fibres Textile Weaving Plain Weave Twill Weaves Effect and flush Satin Weaves Basket and rib weaves Weave Combinations Face and back of fibres.

Originally, there were only cotton and natural rubber, now there are wide ranges of both synthetic rubbers and of man-made fibres.

There have been great advances in the technologies of vulcanisation and of adhesive treatments; the service requirements have become more stringent and operating conditions more severe, but these issues have largely.

End use, cost factor, durability, comfort and aesthetic properties are some of key factors to be considered while selecting the fibres for making home textiles. In order to achieve the above, the following measurable properties of fibres are to be balanced.

Tensile strength. make a yarn with the best properties of both fibres. Cotton and polyester are mixed to make Polycotton. Crese resistant but more absorbent than polyester alone would be.

Cotton (natural, plant fibre) Performance characteristics Possible products Cotton fibres: Are fine, flexible and lie close together making cotton cool to Size: KB.

Textile Finishing is a process used in manufacturing of fiber, fabric, or clothing. In order to impart the required functional properties to the fiber or fabric, it is customary to subject the material to different type of physical and chemical treatments.

Mechanical Properties of Fabrics from Cotton and Biodegradable Yarns Bamboo, SPF, PLA in Weft 27 x fabric garments make people feel extremel y cool and comfortable in hot conditions, x fabric is exceptionally soft and light, almost silky in feel, and x fabric has a high level of breathability, for the cross-section of bamboo fibres is filled.

A plain soft fine sheer fabric of cotton, silk, or rayon. The cloth is bleached and soft finished. Muslin. A medium-weight, woven fabric of cotton or cotton/polyester blends of plain weave. Used in a wide variety of sheers and sheeting. It is bleached and undyed. It is very economical and comes in a good range of weights and fineness.

Nankeen. Woven Acrylic Outdoor Fabric in Navy. What Is Acrylic Fabric. Acrylic fiber fabrics are made from a synthetic polymer called acrylonitrile. This type of fiber is produced by reacting certain petroleum or coal-based chemicals with a variety of monomers, which means that acrylic fabric is a fossil fuel-based fiber.

Plissé – A lightweight, plain weave, fabric, made from cotton, rayon, or acetate, and characterized by a puckered striped effect, usually in the warp direction. The crinkled effect is created through the application of a caustic soda solution, which shrinks the fabric in the areas of the fabric where it is applied.

Cotton is a soft, staple fiber that grows in a form known as a boll around the seeds of the cotton plant, a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the.

Yarn is selected for different textiles based on the characteristics of the yarn fibres, such as warmth (wool), light weight (cotton or rayon), durability (nylon is added to sock yarn, for example), or softness (cashmere, alpaca).

Yarn is composed of twisted strands of fiber, which are known as plies when grouped together. Textile - Textile - Dyeing and printing: Dyeing and printing are processes employed in the conversion of raw textile fibres into finished goods that add much to the appearance of textile fabrics.

Most forms of textile materials can be dyed at almost any stage. Quality woollen goods are frequently dyed in the form of loose fibre, but top dyeing or cheese dyeing is favoured in treating worsteds. The first point that really bugs me is the claims made for the eco-friendliness of the fabric.

As the story goes, Ventile works by the cotton fibres swelling up and making it waterproof. This means the fabric gets wet, and when wet no more water will pass through. In Januarynew blue uniforms were issued to Transportation Security Administration officers at hundreds of airports nationwide.

[1] The new uniforms – besides giving officers a snazzy new look – also gave them skin rashes, bloody noses, lightheadedness, red eyes, and swollen and cracked lips, according to the American Federation of Government Employees, the.

Abrasion and wear References 20 Theories of mechanical properties Introduction Structural effects in rayon fibres Nylon, polyester and similar fibres High-performance fibres A general theory of orientation Structural effects in natural fibres Theories of time.

The effect of fabric surface-treatments on the mechanical and thermal properties of the biocomposites were studied, in order to ascertain whether the PLA and S.

urens fabric system could effectively be used for making biocomposites suitable for packaging applications: Packaging applications: Bamboo fabric: Poly (lactic) acid (PLA)Cited by: Spandex filament is used for produce stretch fabrics.

In knit product production, Lycra is a popular word. Spandex is used for increase the elastic property of the fabric. Day by day, the using area of spandex increase rapidly.

So, keep eyes on spandex and try to combine spandex with other fiber to produce suitable textile products.A hundred years ago, clothing was made of natural fibers like cotton, flax, wool, and silk. In the early s synthetics were developed. Although rayon was introduced inthe first truly synthetic fiber was nylon, made by DuPont from the petro-molecule toluene.

Nylon because a popular material for women's panty hose. Other synthetics.